The climate is basically tropical and there are only two
seasons, the dry and the wet season. Sometimes they are
as well called summer and winter (in Spanish: verano e invierno).
Nicaragua is divided into three different zones according
to their climate. The Pacific zone, in the west and close
to the lakes of Nicaragua and Managua, is tropical, dry
and with relatively little precipitation. It is characterized
by its high temperatures between 27ºC and 32ºC
(81ºF and 90ºF) in the rainy season and between
30ºC and 35ºC (86ºF and 95ºF) in the
dry season. Summer runs approximately from November to April
and Winter from May to October.
The sub-tropical zone is located in the center of the country
and because of its altitude the air gets more refreshing
eastwards. From the center towards the Caribbean coast the
climate is humid, tropical and high in precipitations which
is prefect for a flourishing tropical rainforest.
Finally, there is the Atlantic zone, with a climate that
is either tropical or tropical humid, sometimes with heavy
rains and high temperatures, typical for the humid tropical
Earthquakes and warfare have destroyed much of the Nicaraguan
cultural heritage but colonial building can still be found
in the cities of Leon and Granada.
Poetry is the most popular art in Nicaragua and the poet
Ruben Dario (1867- 1916) is worldwide known as the "Prince
of Spanish and American literature". Later the turbulent
years of the 50's and 60's created a new generation of revolutionary
poets and novelists.
The Nicaraguans like to mix dance and theatre and you can
often enjoy shows in Managua, Masaya, Diriamba, Matagalpa,
Leon and Granada. One of those popular theatrical inspired
dances is "El Güegüense" that satirically
represents the impression of Nicaragua's indigenous people
by the first arrival of the Spanish.
Nicaragua's calendar is full of Patron Saint Festivals and
celebrations that involve lots of religious symbols and
signs which are influenced by the ancient indigenous cultures
that are still present thanks to the oral tradition. All
celebrations have a solemn mass that is conducted by the
local priest or the diocesan bishop.
Following the saints' images, people offer flower arrangements
and give offerings of little gold and silver objects. This
is especially common in the Pueblos Blancos (White Towns),
near Granada City. Everybody take part in the celebrations.
Children, parents and the elderly, dance, sing and pray.
Food and music are the main components of these manifestations
along with Equestrian Parades and Bullfights.
Music is a very important element in the Nicaraguan society
and is heard everywhere. Latin American music, such as salsa,
merengue and romantic songs, are popular as well as pop
and rock from Europe and the United States. The English-speaking
town Bluefields on the Caribbean coast is a center for reggae
music brought there by the regions black population.
Most popular among Nicaraguan artworks are hammocks, rocking
chairs, soapstone carving and basketwork, which can be purchased
all over the country. A special place for handicraft is
the Solentiname Archipelago in the southeast of Lake of
Nicaragua. The people of the region makes their living from
artwork and paintings that are being produced in almost
every house on the islands and the site is a popular destination
for artists from all over the world looking for a quiet
place where they can find inspiration to be creative.
The Nicaraguan food as in all Mesoamerican countries is
based on corn. Corn has a deep cultural meaning. It is believed
that Quetzalcoatl, a mythical and historic celebrity who
was considered the civilizer and guide of Mesoamerican people,
put a grain of corn on the lips of the first woman and the
first man and first after they ate this they became able
to think and work. Nowadays corn is the main ingredient
used in cakes, spirits, confectionery, drinks, desserts,
etc. Cassava, beans and chili pepper are also widely used
as ingredient in different Nicaraguan dishes.
The most popular food in Nicaragua is the "Gallo Pinto",
which consists of rice and beans and sometimes combined
with chicken or beef and also plantains, potatoes and salad.
Seafood is popular along the coasts. Corn is part of the
everyday diet and is consumed as pastries, deserts and the
famous "Nacatamales" made of maize pasta, filled
with meat and vegetables and wrapped in banana leaves. Other
popular and traditional dishes are: "Fritanga"
a combination of rice, beans, fried sliced plantains, salad
and meat, pork and chicken. "Quesillo", a tortilla
served with cheese and sour cream. "Vigorón",
is a boiled cassava top with cabbage salad and chicharron
(fried pork skin), cabbage and yucca. "Tortilla"
is a thin corn bread involved in almost every Nicaraguan
dish. "Caballo Vayo" is made with a tortilla which
you wrap any ingredient as for example meat, chicken, avocado,
crushed cheese, etc. "Rundown" is a stew made
of cassava, breadfruit, green banana and other vegetables
and fish in coconut sauce.
"Wabul" is a delicious purée that is served
warm and made of bananas and breadfruit mixed with coconut
The drink "Pinolillo", made of toasted corn and
cocoa, is so popular that the Nicaraguans call themselves
"Pinoleros". All kind of fruit juices are consumed
daily and made of tropical fruits such as granadilla, pineapple,
papaya, watermelon etc.
Copyright of this section Amigo Tours, Granada / Nicaragua;